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Tax Matters

The Value of Integrating Income and Estate Planning

In this post, we discuss challenges of wealth preservation and growth faced by high net worth families. While a family that invests with income tax and estate tax efficiency in mind is more likely to achieve its financial legacy goals, the numerical advantages of tax efficiency are quite striking. In addition, we show that there is a significant value in integrating income tax efficiency and estate tax planning.

Tax Matters

Does Tax Efficiency Just Delay the Tax Burden?

We often hear the sentiment that tax-efficient investing just delays the inevitable: Eventually, a day will come when the tax-efficient investor will have to true up on years of deferred taxes. And, with the proposed Biden Tax Plan sending many investors scrambling to plan for higher taxes, we feel that now is as good a time as any to put this long-standing myth to bed.

Tax Matters

Improving Direct Indexing: 130/30 and 150/50 Strategies

In this post, we expand on our analysis which studies the tax benefits of a hypothetical tax-aware direct indexing strategy with 1% tracking error.

Tax Matters

Direct Indexing and the Proposed Biden Tax Plan

There are two basic ways to invest in a stock market index: you can buy an index fund, or you can directly buy a stock portfolio that tracks the index. If you are a taxable investor, a benefit of the direct approach is that you can harvest losses on individual positions. But how high are those benefits—and what happens to them under the proposed Biden Tax Plan?

Tax Matters

Tax-Efficient Portfolio Transition, or How to Rejuvenate Ossified Equity Portfolios

We discuss portfolio transition techniques that could alleviate the tax costs of switching managers for a taxable investor.

Working Paper

The Tax Benefits of Direct Indexing

An investor holding a direct indexing portfolio can obtain tax benefits by harvesting losses on individual stock positions. We show that investors with allocations to hedge funds and derivatives are the most likely category of investors to have systematic short-term capital gains in their portfolios and, therefore, benefit the most from losses harvested by direct-indexing strategies. We show how tax benefits are affected by equalizing the tax rate applicable to long-term and short-term capital gains.

Tax Matters

“The Tax Benefits of Separating Alpha from Beta” Wins the 2020 Graham and Dodd Top Paper Award

In this paper, we tackle a different practical question: In a world dominated by tax-agnostic managers, how can investors design their tax-agnostic strategy allocations to improve the tax efficiency of their overall investment portfolios?

Working Paper

Limitation on Trader Fund Losses under the CARES Act of 2020

We explain how hedge fund investors might be affected by a limitation on excess business losses codified in recent tax legislation. In order to allocate business losses a hedge fund now must be a trader fund. After explaining the relationship between hedge fund losses and business losses, we illustrate with simple examples how the new provisions may affect hedge fund investors.

Perspective

Now There's Nothing Certain But Death

Over the last few years, we’ve built a considerable effort in tax-optimized investing. Admittedly, this was a little bit of a “if we build it, they will come” venture, given many taxable investors seem to ignore after-tax returns. Thus, it is gratifying to see my AQR colleagues win the Top Graham and Dodd Award for their research on tax optimization, a topic that I’ve long thought deserved a much more prominent place in asset management.

Journal Article

Integration of Income and Estate Tax Planning

Preservation and transfer of wealth to future generations is one of the central financial goals for most high-net-worth families. We show that a family that invests with income and estate tax efficiency in mind can achieve substantially higher wealth levels than a family oblivious to taxes.