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Journal Article

Quality Minus Junk

We show that a quality-minus-junk (QMJ) factor that goes long high-quality stocks and shorts low-quality stocks earns significant risk-adjusted returns in the U.S. and globally. Also, controlling for quality resurrects the otherwise moribund size effect.

Working Paper

How Tax Efficient Are Equity Styles?

We explore the after-tax performance, tax exposure and tax efficiency of commonly used equity-style portfolios. We focus on equity styles based on size, value, growth and momentum, well known within the cross-sectional return landscape.

Working Paper

The Power of Past Stock Returns to Explain Future Stock Returns

We find that a properly specified one-year momentum strategy has explanatory power for stock returns when used alone, when tested against size and book-to-market, and when subjected to exhaustive robustness checks.

Journal Article

Factor Momentum Everywhere

Can individual factors be reliably timed based on their recent performance? This study of 65 widely-studied, characteristic-based equity factors aims to find out.

Working Paper

Time-Varying Leverage Demand and Predictability of Betting-Against-Beta

We test the predictability of betting-against-beta (BAB) strategies and find that they perform better when past market returns have been high.

White Paper

Measuring Factor Exposures: Uses and Abuses

A growing number of investors have come to view their portfolios (especially equity portfolios) as a collection of exposures to risk factors.

Working Paper

An Accounting-Based Characteristic Model for Asset Pricing

Prior research documents robust correlations between firm characteristics and future stock returns, but provides little insight on why. Our firm characteristic model provides a structure to interpret these observed correlations.

Working Paper

The August of Our Discontent

The summer of 2007 caused some turmoil in the world of quantitative investing, leading to questions about quant investing in general and specific questions about what happened in July and August. We've tried to answer some of those questions here.

Working Paper

Style Investing: Evidence From Mutual Fund Flows

The number of mutual funds in the U.S. has risen over the past decade and is so large that individual investors are unlikely able to analyze each fund in existence. How do investors choose from such a multitude of funds? We answer this question here.

Journal Article

Size Matters, If You Control Your Junk

When it comes to equity investing, size matters—and in a bigger way than once thought—but only when controlling for junk. We examine seven challenges that have been hurled at the size effect and dismantle each one by controlling for a firm's quality.