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Journal Article

Why Are Earnings Kinky? An Examination of the Earnings Management Explanation

An empirical regularity documented by Hayn (1995) is that there is a ‘‘kink’’ in the earnings distribution: too few firms report small losses and too many firms report small profits.

Journal Article

Overinvestment of Free Cash Flow

This paper focuses on using accounting information to better explain the relationship between free cash flow and overinvestment.

Bibliography

Defensive Equity Bibliography

We have compiled a list of books, journal articles and working papers that were helpful in developing our research around defensive equity investing.

Working Paper

How Do Factor Premia Vary Over Time? A Century of Evidence

We examine four prominent factor premia – value, momentum, carry, and defensive – over a century from six asset classes. The results offer support for time-varying risk premia models with important implications for theory seeking to explain the sources of factor returns.

Working Paper

Balance Sheet Information and Future Stock Returns

A 2004 paper by Hirshleifer, Hou, Teoh and Zhang argues that measuring the level of net operating assets is a superior predictor of a company's future earnings and stock returns. Here, we point out how their claim may be misleading.

Journal Article

The Limits to Arbitrage Revisited: The Accrual and Asset-Growth Anomalies

It is puzzling that such straightforward asset pricing anomalies like the well-publicized accruals and asset-growth effects are seemingly overlooked by investors.

Journal Article

The Low-Volatility Anomaly: Market Evidence on Systemic Risk vs. Mispricing

Researchers have demonstrated a long-term connection between future stock returns and various measures of prior stock price variability.

Journal Article

Betting Against Beta

A basic premise of the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is that all agents invest in the portfolio with the highest Sharpe ratio, or expected excess return per unit of risk, and leverage or de-leverage this portfolio to suit their risk preferences. However, many investors — such as individuals, pension funds and mutual funds — are constrained in the leverage that they can take, and therefore overweight risky securities instead.

Journal Article

Investing in the Asset-Growth Anomaly Across the Globe

Several studies have show that slow-growing companies return more to stock-market investors than fast-growing companies, based on the growth in the book value of companies’ assets.

Journal Article

Corporate Governance, Accounting Outcomes and Organizational Performance

The purpose of this paper is to start the process of developing reliable and valid measures to assess how corporate governance affects corporate performance.