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Working Paper

How Tax Efficient Are Equity Styles?

We explore the after-tax performance, tax exposure and tax efficiency of commonly used equity-style portfolios. We focus on equity styles based on size, value, growth and momentum, well known within the cross-sectional return landscape.

Working Paper

More Banks, Less Crime? The Real and Social Effects of Bank Competition

Using a unique sample of commercial loans and mergers between large banks, this paper provides microlevel (within-county) evidence linking credit conditions to economic development and finds a spillover effect on crime.

White Paper

Explanations for the Momentum Premium

The momentum premium is well-established in the historical data, but there is little consensus for why it exists. We examine two popular theories, risk and behavioral, for momentum and find both are plausible explanations for the premium to persist

Working Paper

The Political Economy of Financial Regulation: Evidence from U.S. State Usury Laws in the 19th Century

The authors review the development of financial regulation through the lens of U.S. state usury laws in the 19th century. Among other things, they find evidence that lending activity was affected by rate ceilings.

Working Paper

Decision-Making Under the Gambler's Fallacy

Reviewing decisions made by judges, loan officers and umpires in high-stakes contexts, we find them to be most consistent with the "gambler's fallacy"—meaning they were based as much on their own previous decisions as on the facts they were weighing.

Journal Article

Fact, Fiction and Momentum Investing

Momentum is the phenomenon that securities that have performed well relative to peers (winners) on average continue to outperform, and securities that have performed relatively poorly (losers) tend to continue to underperform.

Working Paper

The Returns to Entrepreneurial Investment: A Private Equity Premium Puzzle?

Entrepreneurs tend to concentrate investments in private equity. However, research shows that private equity returns are generally no higher than the market return on all publicly traded equity. We delve into explanations for this here.

Working Paper

Trading Costs

Using live trade data from a large institutional money manager over a 19-year period, we find actual trading costs to be an order of magnitude smaller than previous studies suggest.

Journal Article

Home Bias at Home: Local Equity Preference in Domestic Portfolios

The strong preference for domestic equities exhibited by investors in international markets, despite the well-documented gains from international diversification, remains an important yet unresolved empirical puzzle in financial economics. Though such behavior appears to be grossly inefficient from a diversification standpoint, academics have offered a variety of explanations for this phenomenon. Home bias explanations can be assigned to two groups: those that rely on national/governmental frictions and those that rely on frictions associated with distance.

Journal Article

Value and Momentum Everywhere

We find consistent value and momentum return premia across eight diverse markets and asset classes, and a strong common factor structure among their returns.