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White Paper

Understanding Defensive Equity

This paper analyzes the intuition behind defensive equity. We then analyze the empirical evidence, construction and performance of defensive equity portfolios, and discuss the possible explanations for its historical outperformance.

White Paper

Understanding Defensive Equity

This paper analyzes the intuition behind defensive equity. We then analyze the empirical evidence, construction and performance of defensive equity portfolios, and discuss the possible explanations for its historical outperformance.

Working Paper

Hiring Cheerleaders: Board Appointments of "Independent" Directors

In this paper we exploit a database of independent directors to test the hypothesis that boards appoint directors who, while technically independent according to regulatory definitions, nonetheless may be overly sympathetic to management.

Journal Article

Size Matters, If You Control Your Junk

When it comes to equity investing, size matters—and in a bigger way than once thought—but only when controlling for junk. We examine seven challenges that have been hurled at the size effect and dismantle each one by controlling for a firm's quality.

Working Paper

Trading Costs of Asset Pricing Anomalies

We examine the trading costs, net-of-cost returns and break-even fund sizes of equity strategies designed to capture several of the main asset pricing anomalies documented in the literature.

Working Paper

The Earnings Announcement Premium and Trading Volume

We measure and provide explanation for the earnings announcement premium, when stock prices rise around scheduled earnings announcement dates. We show that the premium is large and strongly related to the surge in volume around announcement dates.

Working Paper

Trading Costs

Using live trade data from a large institutional money manager over a 19-year period, we find actual trading costs to be an order of magnitude smaller than previous studies suggest.

Journal Article

Quality Minus Junk

We show that a quality-minus-junk (QMJ) factor that goes long high-quality stocks and shorts low-quality stocks earns significant risk-adjusted returns in the U.S. and globally. Also, controlling for quality resurrects the otherwise moribund size effect.

Working Paper

Embedded Leverage

Embedded leverage—the amount of market exposure per unit of committed capital—has become an important feature of financial instruments. We study embedded leverage in equity options, index options and ETFs, and how it affects the required returns.

White Paper

A New Core Equity Paradigm

Combining successful investing styles to magnify their effects represents a new paradigm in active equity-portfolio management. Core Equities integrates value, momentum and profitability styles to offer a more persistent, systematic approach.